The “unsinkable” ship
Construction – The Titanic was constructed in Belfast from 1908-1909AD. It was owned by the White Star Line company, a successful holiday travel company through its passenger ships. It was due to travel over the Atlantic Ocean from Southampton to New York, carrying over 2000 holiday passengers. It was later discovered that the company provided the builders with poor quality materials that would loosen and break and it was built with not enough life boats on to make more room for the first class cabins.
Setting sail – The Titanic set sail on April 10th at roughly noon from Southampton docks. For a few days, the ship sailed over calm, settled waters.
A slight change of plan – The owner of the white star line company (Bruce Ismay) pressured the captain of the Titanic (Edward John Smith) to turn up the speed of the ship so that they could complete a record of the fastest crossing of the Atlantic Ocean. People say that this was the first mistake made as they believe that the Captain should have refused on the behalf of his people’s safety.
Mistaken beliefs – Believing that the ship was unsinkable, the Titanic’s captain agreed to raise the speed and ignored at least 7 warnings of upcoming icebergs from boats nearby. It is said that he believed that a ship so modern could never be sunk by an iceberg.
Danger seems apparent – After calm waters for a few days, members of the crew reported the sighting of an iceberg ahead. The captain said it would be fine and he saw that it was only small on the surface. He did not know that the iceberg was large underneath the surface of the water and when the ship drew near, it was unable to stop or turn away due to the high speeds it was going at.
The iceberg strikes – the Titanic was struck by the iceberg on the ship’s right side at 11:40pm and within a few minutes, water began to pour in.
Help is required – the captain was warned of the water and he ordered help over the radio at 12:00am, now desperate.
Lives that could have been saved – a ship nearby, the Californian, saw the signals but had not heard the radio as the captain of the ship (Walter Lord) had allowed his radio man to go to rest before 11:00, therefore meaning that he did not pick up the signals. Members of the Californian saw the flares that the Titanic had sent up and they informed the captain but he dismissed the warnings, thinking it was just another ship having a party.
Escaping the disaster – no help received, the captain gave orders for the lifeboats to be loaded, women and children first.
Confused crew – the orders that had been given from the captain were not very clear and many of the ship’s crew were misinformed. Because of this, the first lifeboat was lowered, carrying 26 of the 65 people it could hold.
Going under – the last lifeboat was lowered at 02:05am, leaving 1500 people still on the sinking ship. Slowly, the ship went under, taking its passengers with it into the Atlantic Ocean and those in the water slowly drown or freeze to death.
Help on the horizon – after 8 hours of waiting, a ship (the Carpathia) comes to the rescue of the survivors aboard the lifeboats and a few days later, they arrive in New York.
The North Pole
Located in the northern hemisphere, the Arctic regions are home to many wild animals as well as few human inhabitants. Warmest of the two Polar Regions, the Arctic houses more land animals than the Antarctic. These include polar bears, arctic foxes, walrus, reindeer, beluga wales, arctic wolves, snowy owls, narwhals, muskoxen, lemming, arctic hare, various species of seals, puffins, seabirds, stoats and Canadian lynxes. These species of animals have adapted over the years to survive in the environment they are living in. The arctic can drop down to -68˚C.
The South Pole
Richer in sea life than the Arctic, the Antarctic is the colder of the two Polar Regions. Found in the southern hemisphere, no humans live permanently in the South Pole. However, scientists may visit there or live there temporarily for scientific or photographic studies. Not many land animals can survive in this harsh environment and those that can, often take shelter from the endless storms in the water. For example, penguins, various seals, fish and birds can all be found living in the regions of the Antarctic. Only small plants and lichens are able to thrive throughout the harsh winters of the Antarctic. These regions are the coldest to be found on our planet and the temperature can drop down to -89˚C.
The threat to our planet
Through climate change, we are affecting our planet drastically. This is affecting the animals of the poles the most. In both Polar Regions, as the climate becomes hotter, the ice is melting and the animals are suffering and having to adapt to the changing environment. They are unable to keep up with the changes we are making to our planet and as a result, species are slowly dying out or becoming endangered.