We have been learning about a topic called Frozen Kingdom. In this topic we have learnt about: the Titanic, Arctic and Antarctic. The Arctic and Antarctic’s scientific name is called the Polar Regions.
If you didn’t know, the Titanic was actually a large ship that was on its first voyage to America from Southampton but then was struck by an iceberg. There was a mixture of people on the Titanic including people buying tickets for 1st, 2nd and 3rd class. 1st class people included the rich whereas the 3rd people were much poorer. 1st class had nicer accommodation and better food whereas 3rd class were kept in the middle of the ship right at the bottom. This also meant they couldn't escape when it started to sink. The lifeboats (which could only carry half the people on the ship) were given to 1st class people especially women and children, Sadly, the Titanic sank with 1,704 people that also sadly died. Watch our video to find out about more.
The Arctic is sometimes classed as the North Pole . In the Arctic, the temperatures can fall to - 43 with the highest temperature only being 5 degrees. This means it can drop to very cold temperatures . In the Arctic, as you know, it’s very cold. Plants still live there even though it's so cold . For example : shrubs, sedges ,grasses ,mosses and live rocks. Also, there is a lot of animals that live there including the Arctic Fox, Polar Bears, Arctic hares, squirrels and must oxs. There are also about 5 million humans that live and work there in the many towns and villages. They have to live through midsummer (21st June) with 24 hours of daylight and midwinter (21st December) with 24 hours of darkness.
The Antarctica is also classed as the South Pole . There are also many plant species in the Antarctica. Like : sedges, alpine and moss. Also on the other hand, the Antarctica is less plentiful in animals and plants. Actually only one percent of the Antarctica is ice free. This means there is not much coverage which is why only a few things live there like wingless midges and different types of pengiun e.g emperor. People do go there but only scientists for 1-2 years at a time and only for scientific research as it is too cold! It can go to as cold as -62 degrees!