St Joseph's Catholic Primary School

A Voluntary Academy

Trusting in God; Creating Tomorrow; Helping Today

Arctic and Antarctic

Arctic and Antarctica


Polar regions


The Antarctic is colder than the Arctic .The temperature in the Arctic is -43 degrees. The Antarctic is -63 .5 degrees; it can get colder than this with the winds. The Antarctic is way below freezing all the time – the top temperature is -13 .5 degrees . There are 4 million people living in the Arctic as well as natives who live and work here all the time.  At the minute, nobody lives in the Antarctic apart from scientists who live here for 1 or 2 years for research. It is hard for the animals to cope in the Antarctic and The Arctic. All the animals in the Arctic and Antarctic have adapted to their habitats to survive in these freezing temperatures. There are more animals and plants in the Arctic than the Antarctic. Some of these are the reindeer, muskox, polar bears, snowy owl, sedge, grass, and shrubs. Whereas in the Antarctic, there are only penguins and midges that live there and grass because it is so much colder.   



Icebergs are formed by glaciers. In fact, did you know that the thing that hit the Titanic was a colossal iceberg? They are found in the Atlantic Ocean –they are very dangerous. For the Arctic circle, the icebergs are made off glaciers in Alaska and Greenland. In the Southern Hemisphere, icebergs come from glaciers in the Antarctic. They can come in all shapes and sizes; some are small and they are called Bergy Bits and Growlers.